A root canal is the hollow part of your tooth that contains the nerve tissue, blood vessels, and other cells, also known as the pulp. Your tooth is made up of the crown and roots. The roots are below your gum and they attach your teeth to the jawbone. The pulp is located inside the crown and roots and it nourishes your tooth and provides moisture. The nerves in your pulp help to sense hot and cold temperatures as pain. However, this pulp and the tooth’s nerve can become irritated, inflamed, and infected due to deep decay and other conditions. Most people don’t know what a root canal is or that it is a part of their tooth until this happens. Fortunately, there is a treatment for this condition called Endodontic Therapy.
Endodontic Therapy consists of a series of treatments, including removing pulpal tissue, filing and shaping root canals, obturation of the root canal space, and placement of a permanent restoration for the tooth. Endodontic Therapy is commonly called root canal treatment after the root canal.
Symptoms Of a Root Canal Infection
When the pulp is infected, the bacteria in it starts to multiply and spread. Treatment should begin as soon as the pulp infection is confirmed. Delay of an endodontic therapy can cause the tissues around the teeth to get infected and cause an abscess to form. Symptoms of a pulp infection include:
- Teeth Sensitivity. When your teeth start to feel hot or cold temperature as pain, you might need to check for root canal infection.
- Chipped Or Cracked Teeth. Sometimes, a pulp infection causes a tooth to chip or crack.
- Pain Or Discomfort. While biting, chewing, or speaking, you can experience pain or discomfort If you have a pulp infection.
- Loose Teeth. A pulp infection might cause your teeth to come loose or totally off.
These symptoms may subside at one point and you might forget about it. By the time the infection fully spreads and the pulp is dead, you start to experience worse symptoms like:
- Severe toothache.
- Discolored teeth.
- Gum swelling.
- Facial swelling.
- Pus oozing from the affected teeth.
If you feel one or more of either of these symptoms, it is important to visit an endodontic office near you for diagnosis and possible treatment.
Endodontic Therapy Procedure
Root canal therapy can be gotten from any professional dentist that offers endodontics near you. However, your teeth might have gone so bad that the therapy can not be handled by a general dentist. In this case, you will be referred to an Endodontist who specializes in Endodontics in Richmond Ave or wherever you are. Endodontists are specialists who offer endodontics in Houston, TX, and all over the world. They receive two or more years of advanced education in this type of treatment.
Endodontic therapy involves three steps that can take a few sessions to complete. The steps include:
Cleaning The Canal
A dentist that offers endodontics in Houston, would first remove everything inside the root canal. The dentist first places you under anaesthesia, makes a small hole on the surface of your tooth, and removes every infected and dead pulp tissue in your tooth.
Filling The Root Canal
After cleaning and removing all dead pulp tissue, the dentist then cleans, shapes, and decontaminates the area. The tooth is filled with a rubber-like material in place of the removed pulp tissue and sealed with adhesive cement. However, the tooth is dead after this, and you will no longer feel any pain in it. Nonetheless, it will still perform the normal functions of a tooth.
Adding a crown or filling
Without the pulp, the tooth must receive its nourishment from the ligament that attaches it to the bone. The tooth becomes fragile after a while, but a crown or filling would offer protection. Before adding a crown or filling, you shouldn’t bite or chew anything with the tooth.
Prices of Endodontic Therapy may vary depending on the tooth location and extent of the damage.
Benefits Of Root Canal Treatment
Endodontic therapy helps to preserve the natural teeth instead of getting a tooth extraction and then replacing it artificially. Benefits of endodontic therapy include:
- Restoration of efficient chewing.
- Preservation of the natural teeth.
- Relief from pain and discomfort.
- Protection of other teeth from excessive wear, tear, and strain.